Dentistry, as an eminent branch of medical science, has always been dedicated to its surgical practice. Over the years, it has developed advanced methods of treating dental ailments and maintained a record of successful services. Dental imaging is one such success that dentistry has achieved with years of hard work and practice. As a result, dentists cure patients with sturdy technological apparatuses and know-how.
This article contains:
History of dental imaging.
The recent advances in dental imaging and how this growth benefits the dental industry and patients.
The definition of dental imaging.
Followed by its features and sub-types.
The differences between 2D and 3D dental imaging.
What is Dental Imaging?
Dental imaging (also known as dental radiography) refers to an advanced process of scanning dental structures through radiation. During this procedure, the orthodontist passes a radiation beam through a dental structure. Soon this radiation beam deeply penetrates within the dental structure and translates its interiors in the form of a scanned x-ray image.
This image helps the dentist to study the root cause of a particular dental problem and furnish a suitable cure. Today, nearly all dental practitioners across the world use this advanced technique to heal patients suffering from dental discomforts.
In short, dental imaging is a technologically incredible boon to the dental industry. It has been proved advantageous to doctors striving for dental practice and research.
The Discovery of Dental Imaging
Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen is the pioneer of dental imaging technology. In the year 1859, the scientist accidentally visualized an image scanned through a cathode ray generator. Further to this, Rontgen discovered its usage in the medical industry when he picturized his wife’s hand on a photographic plate via unknown radiation.
Since then, dental imaging has been a prominent addition to the dental market. And most of the orthodontists employ it in their everyday practice. It has evolved over the two centuries in the form of:
2D dental imaging
3D dental imaging
Ionizing and non-ionizing imaging
Recent Advances in Dental Imaging
The technique of dental imaging is not a static but a dynamic solution to ease out dental issues. Dentistry keeps on developing this procedure, making it more advanced and technologically equipped with the passage of time.
This dental innovation has evolved from simple intra-oral peripheral rays to advanced procedures such as computed tomography, cone beam computed tomography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. All these techniques have concretized the genuine value and reliability of dental imaging in the medical world.
Next, the transformation from analog to digital radiography has multiple benefits for orthodontists. Some of the principle merits of this technique are:
Durable storage of dental images
Optimizing image brightness/darkness (as per the convenience of the dental surgeon)
Image cropping for a detailed view
Conversion into a 3D image in case of complex craniofacial structures
Summary The technique of dental imaging has emerged over the years. The recent advancements gave birth to the different forms of dental imaging such as 2D dental imaging, 3D dental imaging, and Ionizing and non-ionizing imaging.
Limitations of 2D Dental Imaging
Limited provision of dental structural anatomy
Hampers diagnostic performance due to incomplete data
Cannot capture complex maxillofacial skeletons
Create difficulty in interpreting periapical radiographs
Not suitable for advanced and special dental cases
Not much revolutionary if compared to 3D dental imaging
What is 3D Dental Imaging
First and foremost, 3D dental imaging is an optimal upgrade to its 2D counterpart. In order to avoid the superimposition of underlying dental structures, orthodontists discovered 3D dental imaging technology.
3D dental imaging aids in revealing the complete craniofacial structure and other associative oral tissues. This further allows the orthodontist to have a full view of your dental interiors and optimize the image scan as per their requirements.
Eventually, the dentist is able to study and emphasize on your dental ailments and prescribe a suitable cure for it.
Features of 3D Dental Imaging
A quick and advanced process to scan a dental image within 10 seconds
Completely painless devoid of any pre-allergic or post-allergic instructions
Incorporates a well-equipped system for image transmission and retrieval
Integrates digital radiography elements such as using a solid x-ray sensor to scan the dental interiors to be subsequently processed by the computer.
Reduced radiation exposures for a consumer-friendly dental imaging experience
Non- intrusive method of scanning especially suitable for children or for patients with tooth sensitivity
Precise and interactive display inc contrast to 2D dental imaging
A thorough evaluation of tooth orientations and bone structures
Specific Medical Uses of 3D Dental Imaging
Examining pulp and root canal morphology
Evaluating the alveolar bone conditions
Treating root crown fractures
Discerning periapical pathology
Suitable endodontic cures
Investigating calcifications, curvatures, root canal obtrusions post-treatment healing
How does 3D Dental Imaging Works?
The 3D dental device is placed in the mouth to scan the dental structure within. For this, the C-arm of the instrument rotates around an angle of 360 degrees and captures a high-resolution image.
Additionally, the x-ray film captures the image which further undergoes a software upload. This image is translated into a reconstituted algorithm to allow the orthodontist to study its details.
Summary 3D dental imaging aids in revealing the complete craniofacial structure and other associative oral tissues. This further allows the orthodontist to have a full view of your dental interiors and optimize the image scan as per their requirements. This technique can be used to examine pulp and canal morphology, treat root crown fractures, investigate calcifications, curvatures, and much more! Hence, we can say that the 3D form of dental imaging is the most advanced technology we have in dentistry in today's date.
Dental Imaging Products
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Altogether, denial imaging has wide-ranging impacts on dentists and patients alike. Both are able to enjoy the outstanding benefits of this technological innovation and experience decent dental interactions.
This emergence has led to professional-cum-cordial bonds between orthodontists and the patients and has improved the global dental market. In a crux, dental imaging integrates the dental world with its consumers and promises to furnish the best services ever.